There are many places where people experience drought. This has a huge impact on farming. There are now some modern techniques that farmers use today to decrease the use of water.
1. Drip irrigation
This system provides water to the plant’s roots directly. It reduces evaporation that takes place when using spray watering systems. They water during the cooler part of the day. This system can save about 80% water than the conventional irrigation.
2. Drought-tolerant crops
Farmers are now growing crops that are suitable to that region’s climate. There are some crops that are drought tolerant, like tepary beans, orach, Armenian cucumbers, etc.
3. Dry farming
Some farmers don’t irrigate. They rely on the soil moisture to produce the crops. This requires special tilling practices. One disadvantage is that dry farming practices produce lower yields than the irrigated crops.
4. Rotational grazing
This is a process by which livestock is moved between fields. This can increase the water absorption of fields and decrease water runoff. It makes pastures more drought-resistant.
5. Compost and Mulch
Compost can improve the structure of the soil and increase the soil’s water-holding capacity. Mulch is spread on top of the soil and it helps in conserving moisture. Mulch and compost can help certain crops to retain more water in the soil.
These practices help in conserving water. Many farmers are using these practices on their agricultural land. These methods of farming waste less water and help to grow crop even in dry climate.